Health


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Quick Links:
Overview
Example classes within this interest area
Example careers
Relevance to Myanmar
What students have said
Undergraduate Majors
Graduate Majors


Overview:

Health studies are concerned with the development of knowledge and programs related to health and well being. This field contains many majors. Some majors focus on identifying practices that directly improve patient health. Others focus on the physical activity, biological, behavioral and sociocultural mechanisms and processes that affect health status and aging. Health studies are also concerned with the study of leisure and cultural phenomena within their related environments and in the context of opportunities and practices integral to the well being of groups and individuals. A health major prepares students for work in schools, businesses, medical care settings, and the community as health educators. A degree in the health field equips students with a variety of educational tools and techniques to use in their health professions by emphasizing both health behavior theories and practical application through educational programming and voluntary service in the field. If you want to concentrate on a particular field there are many specialized studies, such as Radiologic Technology, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy or Dietetics, but the two main majors related to health are Nursing and Medicine.

Health majors may include the following classes:

  • General Biology
  • General Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • General Anatomy and Physiology
  • Physics
  • Foundations of Nursing
  • Biochemistry

Example careers:

  • Nurse
  • Paramedic
  • Pharmacist
  • Enter a Medicine School
  • Physical Therapist
  • Respiratory Therapist
  • Radiologic Technician

Relevance to Myanmar:

Approximately 25% of people live below the poverty line in Myanmar. Many live in unsanitary conditions where diseases spread rapidly and there is a very small health infrastructure. The number of physicians and nurses per 1,000 people is less than one, compared to the US or UK where the number is 11-14—this means that each Myanmar physician or nurse needs to care for 11-14 times the number of patients as their counterpart in the US or UK. Also, there is a very high degree of risk for food or waterborne diseases including bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever and vectorborne diseases including dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations. The World Health Organization states that the government spends only 2.2% of its expenditure on health (2004) and 7% of the population has advanced HIV infection and is receiving antiretroviral medication (2006). Couple this with pandemics such as HIV/AIDS and Myanmar is a health catastrophy waiting to happen.

Not surprisingly there is a great need for any health professionals across the country. There is more demand in rural areas where access to health service remains significantly lower than in cities. Health graduates can expect to work in hospitals and clinics or to establish their own practices. Additionally, there is a great need for health education across the country in areas as sanitation, reproduction, and disease prevention.

What Students Have Said:

Why is the subject you studied (or are studying now) important for Myanmar?

Nursing/Counseling

  • Because I can become a professional nurse, which is very important for Myanmar because there are many nurses needed in Myanmar especially in rural areas.
  • This subject is very important for Myanmar now. There are very few people who studied this subject. Counseling is useful in Myanmar now especially for HIV patients.

Why is the subject you studied (or are studying now) important for Myanmar?

Public Health

  • I studied Public Health in Health system development. It is important for both Myanmar and Thailand since Burmese migrants are coming here to seek jobs. The health issue is one of the biggest challenges when they come to Thailand.

How have you been able to use your education after you graduated (or how will you in the future)?

Nursing/Counseling

  • I mostly give general knowledge to my people about health.
  • Now I am working as an officer in an organization and I give counseling to students and new applicants who apply for scholarships.

How have you been able to use your education after you graduated (or how will you in the future)?

Public Health

  • My degree in public health has placed me with an NGO in Thailand that works to educate and assist Burmese migrant workers here. Many migrants are ignorant of HIV/AIDS and it’s prevention, so our efforts are very important to them and to Myanmar, also; most migrants will return to Myanmar, some will take the infection with them.

What are the real job opportunities to work for Myanmar with your degree?

Nursing/Counseling

  • Hospital nurses, community nurses, and health care agency workers are needed.
  • Counselor in schools, hospitals, or community practices

What are the real job opportunities to work for Myanmar with your degree?

Public Health

  • Numerous NGOs have a continuing need for Burmese nationals with the proper education to continue their efforts with migrant workers.

Undergraduate Majors:

Graduate Majors:

Undergraduate Major Descriptions:

Audiology

Audiology is a paramedical scientific discipline concerned with sound and its various effects on humans. The Master of Clinical Audiology is an entry-level master for graduates of health science degrees. The course is a program that integrates basic theoretical knowledge and its clinical applications. This will cover the areas of audiologic evaluation, audiologic rehabilitation, and program development. Audiology as a profession is extremely diverse and a well-trained audiologist should be equipped to choose from a number of possible career paths. A major role that audiologists play is in the health care sector, both public and private. In this arena, audiologists are the highly trained personnel responsible for the accurate testing of hearing function in both adults and children, the diagnosis of hearing disorders and the prescription of appropriate rehabilitative measures. However, audiologists can also pursue careers in environmental aspects of the effects of sound and its measurement: for example in industrial and workplace environments, as government advisers dealing with the issues of noise effects and noise control. Audiologists are also trained in aspects of speech and communication and can be valuable members of teams dealing with the needs of disabled and special needs groups in the community. Audiologists are also trained in various aspects of hearing aid instrumentation and other hearing technologies and can work with private companies in this capacity. Finally, audiologists should be in a position to pursue research careers in many important aspects of hearing science, ranging from fundamental to applied clinical research.

Dentistry

Dentistry includes many areas of expertise, including orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, and oral surgery. Your own interests and concerns will help you to eventually choose a specialty.

Health Sciences

The health sciences are concerned with the development of knowledge and programs related to health and well being. Health defines life and its quality. It is also crucial in development of a nation. This major seeks to develop leaders who possess a broad and expanded view and understanding of the health sector. In preparation for this task, this program was designed for future health professionals and physicians The curriculum integrates the fundamental scientific and technical background necessary for the entry into the health sciences together with the key courses in the social sciences and management. The graduates are envisioned to be leaders in both the private and public health sectors of society.

Industrial Pharmacy

This major is specifically for those who would like to work in the industrial pharmacy in order to research and create new drugs.

Medical Technology

Medical Technology is the study and analysis of body fluids and tissues. It encompasses a number of different medical specialties including hematology, microbiology, immunology, immunohematology, and clinical chemistry. Upon graduating into the real world, most medical technicians work in hospitals and laboratories, primarily in five specialty areas: blood banking, chemistry, hematology, immunology and microbiology. They use precision electronic instruments and high-powered microscopes. They assist doctors in diagnosing and treating diseases by performing a range of tests and laboratory procedures on blood and other such body fluids in order to find chemicals, microorganisms, proteins, and other substances.

Medicine

Rich in biology and chemistry, this major dovetails neatly into several other related areas of study (such as chemistry, biology, and biochemistry). It also provides a solid background in physics and mathematics. Medicine is the only way if you wish to be a doctor working in hospitals or clinics. Medical schools have usually an admission test.

Nursing

Nursing is a diverse and rewarding discipline that combines compassion with sophisticated health technology. Nurses evaluate, diagnose, and treat health problems. They help people meet basic health needs, adapt to physical changes, recover from illness, and die with dignity. The profession offers a variety of employment and career opportunities. Nurses are employed in clinics, hospitals, schools, corporations, the military, and in private practice. The bachelor in Nursing is the basic professional degree in nursing and it provides the foundation for graduate study (which you can pursue if you want to, but is by no means required for job security). If you major in Nursing, you’ll take traditional science and liberal arts courses as a first-year student and probably begin clinical rotations at hospitals and other health care facilities during the second semester of your sophomore year. In practice, what that means is you’ll start working at a hospital doing the kinds of things that nurses do. In the course of your college career, you’ll receive a substantial amount of practical, hands-on training.

Nutrition and Dietetics

Nutrition, as a science, is concerned with the ways in which the food we eat affects our physical well-being. Nutritionists are not only our fitness guides, reminding us of how much or how little we should be eating. They’re interested in helping us understand the relationship between our diets and health. Nutrition majors help determine the way nutrients interact with one another, and precisely how much of any given nutrient is needed under various environmental conditions. Nutrition major is a specialized field, which focuses upon the nutritional needs and conditions of all kinds of people and conditions. Nutrition explores how nutrients, and the foods from which they are derived, aid the body in growth and development and in maintaining health and wellness.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is a relatively new and a definitely expanding specialty in the health care field. Its origins can be traced to the increasing industrialization and disastrous effects of modern warfare. Occupational therapists help people. They help people of all ages prevent, reduce, and overcome disabilities by encouraging and training them to work, draw, dance, and express themselves in social settings. They work with patients of all ages with every kind of disability: heart problems, cerebral palsy, arthritis, serious physical injuries, mental retardation, emotional and neurological disorders. They also work with families, doctors, nurses, case managers, social workers, and other therapists. Most Occupational Therapy programs consist of two years of science-heavy classroom coursework followed by two years of professional, hands-on fieldwork, particularly during senior year.

Optometry

Optometrists are concerned with all aspects of the eye—the promotion of eye health and safety, vision care, and basic examinations of the internal and external parts of the eye. They write prescriptions for glasses and contact lenses. There are many options for optometrists—for example, you might become involved with sports vision or geriatrics.

Pharmacy

At the heart of pharmaceuticals is the Pharmacy major. Pharmacy is sometimes listed within a broader pharmaceutical science major, which provides its students with the opportunity to pick a concentration in several different areas, such as medicinal chemistry or pharmacology. A major in Pharmacy prepares students to create new drugs that can fight cancer and administer prescription drugs to those who need them.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapists work with doctors and other therapists to rehabilitate people with injuries, diseases, and impairments. They prescribe exercise schedules and use heat, cold, electricity, sound, and water to relieve pain and stimulate muscles and motor functions. Though rehabilitation following injury is the primary focus of many physical therapists, Board-certified specialization is available in a number of areas including sports-related physical therapy, orthopedics, and pediatrics.

Physiotherapy

As the largest allied health professional group, physiotherapists work with people with a variety of disabilities, injuries and illnesses and their families and carers. Primarily, they use physical means to promote health, rehabilitation and, where possible, recovery using education and information giving, manual therapy, therapeutic exercise and electrotherapy. Physiotherapists also consider psychological, social and cultural factors. They use a variety of interpersonal skills to enable clients to take an active role in their recovery/rehabilitation programs whilst respecting a client’s rehabilitation goals. They work with other members of the health and social care team in a variety of hospital and community environments. Physiotherapists manage their own caseloads and may take direct referrals. They diagnose problems, prescribe treatment and discharge or refer clients as appropriate. They are involved with teaching and mentoring other practitioners, with team leadership and with the implementation and management of change.

Pre-Dentistry

If you are thinking about a career as a dentist, a pre-dentistry program might be what you are looking for. You’ll take courses in biology and chemistry, but also science laboratories. The two main career options are as dentist or dental lab technician.

Pre-Medicine

Pre-medicine is a curriculum designed to best prepare you to the admission in a medical school. It provides you a strong background in physics and mathematics, as well as in chemistry, biology e biochemistry. You must be ready to study more than other students. The career options are nevertheless very wide: biochemist, biologist, physician, pharmacist, geneticist…

Pre-Optometry

Pre-optometry allows you to become an optometrist, if you manage afterwards to enter an optometry school. Optometrists are concerned with all the aspects of the eye, the promotion of eye health and safety, vision care, and basic examination of the internal and external part of the eye. They also write prescriptions for glasses and contact lenses.

Public Health

Public Health is the study of how health issues affect populations, and the development of methods to improve the general well-being of the public at large. Public Health majors study the science and the politics behind Public Health policies. Whether investigating communicable diseases, working with the mentally ill, implementing nutrition programs, or studying policy, Public Health majors strive to fulfill the mission of the World Health Organization, as given in its definition of health: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

Radiography/Radiology

Radiographers use x-rays and radioactive substances to diagnose and treat diseases (like cancer) and injuries. If you study Radiography/Radiology, what you’ll learn is how to perform sophisticated diagnostic x-ray procedures. You’ll learn exactly what an x-ray is, how to operate radiography equipment, and all about radiation safety. Radiography is a fascinating area in which to work, and radiographers provide important services to millions of people – they are essential to modern healthcare. Radiographers need a sound understanding of the basic science that underpins the constantly advancing technology they use, but they also need the professional and social skills required to interact with patients and with other medical professionals.

Speech Pathology

Speech Pathology is the study of speech, language, communication, voice, swallowing, and fluency disorders, and the methods of their treatment. It is usually connected to the field of Audiology, which is the identification and treatment of hearing disorders. Speech Pathologists work with a wide range of people, treating everything from minor speech problems to the total loss of speech ability. Speech Pathologists work in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, schools, and in private practice.

Graduate Major Descriptions:

Applied Gerontology

Gerontology is the study of the process of aging, across the life span, whose multi-disciplinary aspects include physical, mental, and social changes in people as they age. The study of the resultant societal impact of an aging population and the application of this knowledge is included in this description. Using this inclusive definition, professionals from diverse fields are known as gerontologists (Geriatrics relates to the comprehensive healthcare of older adults, specifically including the study of illness and disease in later life, and as such is a branch of gerontology). Gerontology is highly interdisciplinary. You’ll study the biology of aging—what happens physically, how bodies change. You’ll learn how aging affects psychology and the psychological issues associated with the elderly. You’ll learn how society views aging and what societal roles aging people play. And you’ll study aging and old age from the perspectives of literature, history, philosophy, and religion. Gerontology involves a good deal of science, and you’ll do a lot of research in your coursework. You’ll apply the scientific process to various topics and problems, and you’ll learn how to effectively document and communicate your findings

Biostatistics

Over a decade or so, there has been an increasing demand for competent biostatisticians who have both the strong biological background as well as the statistical facility to appreciate, analyse and interpret biomedical and public health problems. The students have gone through the program, they would be able to: demonstrate skills in the application of statistical technique to public health and medical data, plan and undertake biomedical and public health-related research projects and deliver statistical technical services to public health and medical practitioners and researchers. The opportunities awaiting the graduates of the program are numerous. They are needed practically by all institutions engaged in medical, biological and public health research as well as in teaching and statistical consultancy services. Specifically, biostatisticians are in demand in schools of medicine, public health, pharmacy, dentistry, nursing and the allied professions, medical research centers, pharmaceutical establishments and government and public agencies.

Clinical Audiology

Audiology is a paramedical scientific discipline concerned with sound and its various effects on humans. The Master of Clinical Audiology is an entry-level master for graduates of health science degrees. The course is a program that integrates basic theoretical knowledge and its clinical applications. This will cover the areas of audiologic evaluation, audiologic rehabilitation, and program development. Audiology as a profession is extremely diverse and a well-trained audiologist should be equipped to choose from a number of possible career paths. A major role that audiologists play is in the health care sector, both public and private. In this arena, audiologists are the highly trained personnel responsible for the accurate testing of hearing function in both adults and children, the diagnosis of hearing disorders and the prescription of appropriate rehabilitative measures. However, audiologists can also pursue careers in environmental aspects of the effects of sound and its measurement: for example in industrial and workplace environments, as government advisers dealing with the issues of noise effects and noise control. Audiologists are also trained in aspects of speech and communication and can be valuable members of teams dealing with the needs of disabled and special needs groups in the community. Audiologists are also trained in various aspects of hearing aid instrumentation and other hearing technologies and can work with private companies in this capacity. Finally, audiologists should be in a position to pursue research careers in many important aspects of hearing science, ranging from fundamental to applied clinical research.

Clinical Medicine (Child Health, Family Medicine, Medical Oncology, Obstetrics Gynecology, Surgery)

A Medicine School usually gives you the opportunity to specialize in one field, such as: Child Health or Pediatrics, Family Medicine, Oncology (dealing with the study and treatment of cancer), Obstetrics and Gynecology (dealing with the care of a woman’s health, especially during pregnancy and child birth) and Surgery.

Dentistry (Orthodontics)

Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. The objectives of this program are to graduate dentists with sufficient knowledge in the art and science of orthodontics and with proficiency in the clinical and technical skills necessary to render professional orthodontic service to patients and to produce dentists who are motivated to do research and teach Orthodontics.

Environmental Health

Environmental health comprises those aspects of human health, including quality of life, that are determined by physical, chemical, biological, social, and psychosocial factors in the environment. It also refers to the theory and practice of assessing, correcting, controlling, and preventing those factors in the environment that can potentially affect adversely the health of present and future generations. The aim of this discipline is to achieve safe, sustainable and health-enhancing human environments, protected from biological, chemical and physical hazards, and secure from the adverse effects of global and local environmental threats and to sustain development policies and action plans for environment and health.

Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases in human populations. If you choose to major in epidemiology, you’ll be studying the origins and causes of diseases, as well as the demographics most affected by them and those most at risk. You’ll study factors such as environment, occupation, and nutrition to determine their relationships to specific diseases. Through an exploration of the external factors that cause disease you’ll learn how to identify, prevent, and control infectious diseases. Statistical methods will be used to investigate health issues as you develop the ability to analyze and interpret the research of others and eventually perform independent research of your own. Epidemiology is, in many ways, a multidisciplinary field, dealing heavily with biology, chemistry, pathology, psychology, and medicine. You’ll draw from these fields during your studies and interact and work with experts in these fields once you begin your career. Epidemiology deals with humans from preconception through old age—the whole life span is rich with opportunities for research and study.

Health Informatics

Health Informatics covers the organization and management of information in the areas of patient care, research, and administration. It focuses on the structuring of health data and knowledge to support data analysis and decision-making in medicine and health care with the use of information systems. It covers a wide spectrum of applications, from computer-based patient records in general practices and hospitals to electronic communication between health care providers, from signal analysis and image processing to decision support systems. Effective delivery of health care requires correct decision-making based on proper management of health information.

Health Policy Studies

This program should address health issues within the context of a developing society where a large percentage of the population is poor. Health policies should promote the common good by ensuring that the health delivery systems address the concerns of the poor and the marginalized. This program seeks to study the health policy process within the socio-cultural context and thus, makes use of and integrates the various disciplines in the social sciences such as history, political science, economics, anthropology, sociology and psychology to approach issues. The program will develop student competencies in the health policy process which involves policy formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation as well as advocacy. At the end of the course, the student shall: understand the nature and dynamics of health development, be able to discuss the interplay of the various factors (economic, political, social, legal and administrative) that affect the health situation, demonstrate an interdisciplinary orientation in approaching and resolving health issues, demonstrate an understanding of health policy development process that integrates the roles of health and social sciences, demonstrate proactive orientation in identifying and analyzing priority public policy issues, formulate socially responsible and relevant health policy recommendations as a result of professional policy analysis research, demonstrate a capacity to engage in policy advocacy and consensus building in developing policy.

Hospital Administration

This program combines the study of health sciences and management in order to form professionals who will work as hospital mangers or administrators. Hospital administrators manage hospitals, outpatient clinics, hospices, and drug-abuse treatment centers. In large hospitals, there may be several administrators, one for each department. Administrators make sure hospitals operate efficiently and provide adequate medical care to patients. Their responsibilities are numerous and sometimes require the assistance of the medical and support staff. They plan, organize, direct, control and coordinate medical and health services and they plan and control the hospital’s budget.

Hospital/Clinical Pharmacy

Hospital pharmacists are part of the health care team on the ward in the hospital, working with medical and nursing staff and the various therapy professions. Within the team, they are the experts on drugs and their advice is sought by the other members. Hospital pharmacists work closely with both prescriber and patient. They often attend consultant ward rounds where they can influence prescribing. Some pharmacists are also heavily involved with outpatient treatment in clinics such as anticoagulant, rheumatology and gastroenterology clinics.

Industrial Pharmacy

This major is specifically for those who would like to work in the industrial pharmacy in order to research and create new drugs.

Master of Health Professions Education

The Master of Health Professions Education program is designed for students who want to better prepare for educational leadership roles. The program is meant for health professionals serving in or preparing for roles such as: department chairs, curriculum coordinators, residency or clinical training directors, education directors, program planners and evaluators, directors of health maintenance organizations with a focus on education, training directors, executive directors. Upon completion of the degree, the student will have knowledge and skills in educational planning and evaluation, instructional design and assessment, and in leadership and management of educational programs involving health care systems.

Medical Microbiology

Medical Microbiology is the study of the role of microbes and bacteria in human illness, how they cause the disease, how they affect the human body and, of course, how they can be treated. It involves mostly laboratory research work and it closely linked with immunology and epidemiology studies.

Medical Parasitology

Parasitology is the study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them. This biological discipline forms a synthesis of other disciplines, and draws on techniques from fields such as cell biology, bioinformatics, molecular biology, immunology, genetics and ecology. The parasitic mode of life is the most common on the planet, every free-living species has its own unique species of parasite, so the number of parasitic species greatly exceeds the number of free living species. One of the largest fields in parasitology is medical parasitology, which is the study of those parasites which infect humans, such as the one causing malaria for instance. Medical parasitology can involve drug development as well.

Medical Physics

Medical physics is a branch of physics concerned with the application of physics to medicine, particularly in the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. Medical physicists interact with other health care professionals, such as physicians, biomedical engineers, and technologists. Medical physicists are usually employed in hospitals and other medical care facilities. Frequently the hospital is associated with a medical school and the physicists are members of the academic staff.

Medical Technology

Medical Technology is the study and analysis of body fluids and tissues. It encompasses a number of different medical specialties including hematology, microbiology, immunology, immunohematology, and clinical chemistry. Upon graduating into the real world, most medical technicians work in hospitals and laboratories, primarily in five specialty areas: blood banking, chemistry, hematology, immunology and microbiology. They use precision electronic instruments and high-powered microscopes. They assist doctors in diagnosing and treating diseases by performing a range of tests and laboratory procedures on blood and other such body fluids in order to find chemicals, microorganisms, proteins, and other substances.

Nursing

Nursing is a diverse and rewarding discipline that combines compassion with sophisticated health technology. Nurses evaluate, diagnose, and treat health problems. They help people meet basic health needs, adapt to physical changes, recover from illness, and die with dignity. The profession offers a variety of employment and career opportunities. Nurses are employed in clinics, hospitals, schools, corporations, the military, and in private practice. If you major in Nursing, you’ll take traditional science and liberal arts courses as a first-year student and probably begin clinical rotations at hospitals and other health care facilities during the second semester of your sophomore year. In practice, what that means is you’ll start working at a hospital doing the kinds of things that nurses do. In the course of your college career, you’ll receive a substantial amount of practical, hands-on training.

Nutrition

This program is designed to prepare professionals for more advanced work in nutrition. It permits students with previous study in nutrition to obtain depth in knowledge and research skills.

Occupational Health/Therapy

Occupational Therapy is a relatively new and a definitely expanding specialty in the health care field. Its origins can be traced to the increasing industrialization and disastrous effects of modern warfare. Occupational therapists help people. They help people of all ages prevent, reduce, and overcome disabilities by encouraging and training them to work, draw, dance, and express themselves in social settings. They work with patients of all ages with every kind of disability: heart problems, cerebral palsy, arthritis, serious physical injuries, mental retardation, emotional and neurological disorders. They also work with families, doctors, nurses, case managers, social workers, and other therapists. Most Occupational Therapy programs consist of two years of science-heavy classroom coursework followed by two years of professional, hands-on fieldwork, particularly during senior year.

Orthopedics

Orthopedics is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of injuries and diseases of your body’s musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons address most musculoskeletal ailments including arthritis, trauma and congenital deformities using both surgical and non-surgical means. You might decide to specialize in one area of orthopedics related to a specific part of the human body (hand, foot and ankle, shoulder…).

Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Medicinal or pharmaceutical chemistry is a scientific discipline at the intersection of chemistry and pharmacy involved with designing, synthesizing and developing pharmaceutical drugs. Medicinal chemistry involves the identification, synthesis and development of new chemical entities suitable for therapeutic use. It also includes the study of existing drugs and their biological properties. Pharmaceutical chemistry is focused on quality aspects of medicines and aims to assure fitness for the purpose of medicinal products. Medicinal chemistry is a highly interdisciplinary science combining organic chemistry with biochemistry, computational chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, statistics, and physical chemistry.

Pharmacy

At the heart of pharmaceuticals is the Pharmacy major. Pharmacy is sometimes listed within a broader pharmaceutical science major, which provides its students with the opportunity to pick a concentration in several different areas, such as medicinal chemistry or pharmacology. A major in Pharmacy prepares students to create new drugs that can fight cancer and administer prescription drugs to those who need them.

Pharmacology

Pharmacology is “the science of drugs, including their composition, uses, and effects.” Falling within the realm of pharmaceutical sciences, Pharmacology focuses on exactly how drugs work and what kinds of reactions certain drugs cause in our bodies. As a Pharmacology student you’ll gain a solid foundation in biology and chemistry. Your studies in Pharmacology should expose you to the molecular mechanics of a medication and the design and testing of new drugs. You might choose to focus on the clinical side of pharmacology, in which you’ll study drug dosage regimens and ways to improve treatment and minimize risk. You’ll learn about how different drugs interact, and which drugs treat certain diseases most effectively.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapists work with doctors and other therapists to rehabilitate people with injuries, diseases, and impairments. They prescribe exercise schedules and use heat, cold, electricity, sound, and water to relieve pain and stimulate muscles and motor functions. Though rehabilitation following injury is the primary focus of many physical therapists, Board-certified specialization is available in a number of areas including sports-related physical therapy, orthopedics, and pediatrics.

Physiology

Physiology is the study of life, specifically, how cells, tissues, and organisms function. Physiologists are constantly trying to answer key questions in areas ranging from the functions of single cells to the interactions between human populations and our environment. To answer these questions, physiologists work in laboratories, in libraries, in the field, and in space. Physiologists may study how the body adapts to temperature and environmental extremes encountered on earth, or the zero gravity encountered in space flights, to learn how life processes cope with these environmental stresses. Physiologists conduct their investigations at various levels of biological organization, including: the molecular biology of cell components, single or groups of cells under culture, individual organs in isolation and the whole animal or human. Physiology is important because it is the foundation upon which we build our knowledge of what “life” is, how to treat disease, and how to cope with stresses imposed upon our bodies by new environments. Physiological studies of normal biological function provide the basis for understanding the abnormal function seen in animal and human disease (pathophysiology) and for developing new methods for treating those diseases (translational research). Many physiologists place great importance on the use of animal models as an important tool in their research. The study of physiological processes can encompass a wide array of other disciplines, such as neurophysiology, pharmacology, cell biology, and biochemistry, to name just a few.

Public Health

Public Health is the study of how health issues affect populations, and the development of methods to improve the general well-being of the public at large. Public Health majors study the science and the politics behind Public Health policies. Whether investigating communicable diseases, working with the mentally ill, implementing nutrition programs, or studying policy, Public Health majors strive to fulfill the mission of the World Health Organization, as given in its definition of health: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

Radiography/Radiology

Radiographers use x-rays and radioactive substances to diagnose and treat diseases (like cancer) and injuries. If you study Radiography/Radiology, what you’ll learn is how to perform sophisticated diagnostic x-ray procedures. You’ll learn exactly what an x-ray is, how to operate radiography equipment, and all about radiation safety. Radiography is a fascinating area in which to work, and radiographers provide important services to millions of people – they are essential to modern healthcare. Radiographers need a sound understanding of the basic science that underpins the constantly advancing technology they use, but they also need the professional and social skills required to interact with patients and with other medical professionals.

Rehabilitation Science

A master of Rehabilitation Science aims to raise standards of rehabilitation science practice by providing advanced training in research, teaching, organization and management, and clinical practice. This will contribute towards the gradual improvement not only in the number of therapists providing services but also in the quality of the services received by patients.

Speech Pathology

Speech Pathology is the study of speech, language, communication, voice, swallowing, and fluency disorders, and the methods of their treatment. It is usually connected to the field of Audiology, which is the identification and treatment of hearing disorders. Speech Pathologists work with a wide range of people, treating everything from minor speech problems to the total loss of speech ability. Speech Pathologists work in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, schools, and in private practice.